Classics of western literature av Berkeley Breathed

Now wait for last year av Philip K. Dick

Individual science fiction stories may seem as trivial as ever to the blinder critics and philosophers of today - but the core of science fiction, its essence has become crucial to our salvation if we are to be saved at all.
Isaac Asimov

'Wonderful ... a heady mix of Flann O'brien, Douglas Adams, Tom Sharpe and Ken Campbell, but with an inbuilt irreverence and indelicacy that is unique - and makes it the long-awaited, heavy smoker's answer to The Lord of the Rings'
Time Out om Robert Rankin

The future is here. It's just not widely distributed yet.
William Gibson

The three-legged stool of understanding is held up by history, languages, and mathematics. Equipped with these three you can learn anything you want to learn. But if you lack any one of them you are just another ignorant peasant with dung on your boots.
Robert Heinlein

'An urban myth. Like the dyslexic devil worshipper who sold his soul to Santa.' - Robert Rankin (Raiders of the Lost Car Park))

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søndag, april 02, 2006

Singulariteten kommer

I fremtidsstudier snakker man med jevne mellomrom om Teknologisk singularitet. Dette defineres gjerne som en "Hendelses-horisont" hvor nåværende modeller for teknologiske fremskritt slutter å gi troverdige svar - gjerne da etter utvikling av kraftig kunstig intelligens eller en radikal økning av den menneskelige.

Futurister spår at etter singulariteten så vil mennesker (slik vi kjenner dem) slutte å spille noen rolle i teknologisk og vitenskapelig utvikling. Vi vil bli erstattet med det som kalles Post-humans eller kraftig AI eller begge.

Dette er teorier som er satt frem av matematikeren (og forfatteren) Vernor Vinge og futuristen Ray Kurzweil. Begge postulerer en fremtid hvor den teknologiske utviklingen akselerer radikalt etter at bevissthet frigjøres fra det biologiske og dermed kan gå forbi begrensningen som finnes i den menneskelige hjerne og grensesnittes direkte mot datanettverk.

Ray Kurzweil har formulert en teori som kalles the law of accelerating returns som han beskriver slik:
"An analysis of the history of technology shows that technological change is exponential, contrary to the common-sense 'intuitive linear' view. So we won't experience 100 years of progress in the 21st century—it will be more like 20,000 years of progress (at today's rate). The 'returns,' such as chip speed and cost-effectiveness, also increase exponentially. There's even exponential growth in the rate of exponential growth. Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence, leading to The Singularity—technological change so rapid and profound it represents a rupture in the fabric of human history. The implications include the merger of biological and nonbiological intelligence, immortal software-based humans, and ultra-high levels of intelligence that expand outward in the universe at the speed of light."

Kurzweil har møtt motbør for denne teorien siden hvilke teknologiske milepæler man bruker for å måle den eksponentielle veksten er svært subjektiv. Noen hevder at den teknologiske nyvinningen allerede har stanset eller er i ferd med å stagnere.

Mange av tilhengerne av singulariteten er også Transhumanister . Tranhumanistene forespråker bruk av den aller nyeste form for teknologi for å forbedre og/eller radikalt endre det menneskelige fysiologi og intellekt. Transhumanister ønsker for eksempel å bruke nanoboter for å forlenge det menneskelige liv - kanskje mot uendlighet. Dette kalles gjerne immortalisme.

Innenfor Transhumanisme så finnes det flere filosofiske ståsteder:

  • Anarko-transhumanisme, en politisk filosofi som søker å blande overflodsanarkisme og transhumanisme.

  • Kristen transhumanisme, en religiøs filosofi som søker å blande liberal kristendom med transhumanisme

  • Demokratisk transhumanisme, en politisk filosofi som søker å blande liberaldemokratiet, sosial demokratiet, direkte demokratiet og transhumanisme.

  • Extropianisme. En tidlig versjon av transhumanisme som baserer seg på en rekke prinsipper fra extropi.

  • Det hedonistiske imperativ, en moral filosofi som baserer seg på at man skal benytte teknologi for å hindre lidelse hos alle bevisste vesner.

  • Posthumanisme, en filosofi som søker å forbigå prinsippene for renessanse-humanisme for komme mer i takt med det 21 århundrets ideer og vitenskapelige kunnskap.

  • Singularitarianisme, en moral filosofi som baserer seg på antagelsen at singulariteten er mulig og at man må bruke direkte virkemidler for å virkliggjøre den på en trygg måte.

  • Teknogaianisme, en moral filosofi som hevder at man bør benytte avansert teknologi for å redde jordens miljø og at det å utvikle slik teknologi burde være et viktig mål for miljøaktivister.

  • Transhumanistisk sosialisme, en politisk filosofi som søker å blande demokratisk sosialisme med transhumanisme.


Det kan hevdes at transhumanisme, immortalisme og extropianisme er nær-religiøse bevegelser. Foreløpig er antallet hypoteser man må ta for god fisk ganske høyt.

Charlie Kam har lagd en ganske morsom vise om transhumanisme og Kurzweil og det hele:
I am the very model of a Singularitarian
I'm combination Transhuman, Immortalist, Extropian,
Aggressively I’m changing all my body’s biochemistry
Because my body's heritage is obsolete genetically,
Replacing all the cells each month it's here just temporarily
The pattern of my brain and body’s where there's continuity,
I'll try to improve these patterns with optimal biology,
(“But how will I do that? I need to be smarter. Ah, yes…”)
I’ll expand my mental faculties by merging with technology,
Expand his mental faculties by merging with technology,
Expand his mental faculties by merging with technology
Expand his mental faculties by merging with technology

And with our new technology, renewable clean energy,
Remove our pathogens and overcome hunger and poverty
In short I am a Transhuman, Immortalist, Extropian
I am the very model of a Singularitarian
In short he is a Transhuman, Immortalist, Extropian
He is the very model of a Singularitarian

Knowledge in all forms music, art, science and technology,
Our brains and bodies all precious and any loss a tragedy
Important recognitions and insights are what we should retain
While we destroy all of the useless information that remains
And when a person dies we lose a profound pattern tragically,
And the part of ourselves that interacted with them lit’rally
Religious folks may rationalize that death is really something good
(“Something Good? Something GOOD? Eh?)
I think they’d change their minds if Singularity were understood
I think they’d change their minds if Singularity were understood
I think they’d change their minds if Singularity were understood
I think they’d change their minds if Singularity were understood

I create and appreciate all of the knowledge that I know
Toward greater order even though complexity I know may grow
In short I am Transhuman, Immortalist, Extropian
I am the very model of a Singularitarian
In short he is a Transhuman, Immortalist, Extropian
He is the very model of a Singularitarian

The purpose of the universe is that of all our human lives
Since no aliens have come forth this much we can now rationalize
We’ll spread our thoughts with nanobots that know how to self-replicate
Through solar system, Milky Way or anywhere we designate
Ideas are our products that will solve the problems of our fate
And new ideas for the problems we can’t yet articulate
Let’s leverage all our knowledge from the returns that accelerate
(Returns that accelerate? Sounds familiar. Ah yes, the law of accelerating returns by Ray Kurzweil, of course, OF COURSE!)
So the outcome of universe is something we can contemplate
The outcome of universe is something we can contemplate
The outcome of universe is something we can contemplate
The outcome of universe is something we can contemplate

The singularity is near but I won’t be indifferent
In case something should go awry I’ll do my bestest to prevent
Because I am a Transhuman, Immortalist, Extropian
I am the very model of a Singularitarian
Because he is a Transhuman, Immortalist, Extropian
He is the very model of a Singularitarian

(Yes! Singularity! Woo hoo! Singularity is here! Singularity is near! Singularity!)


Jeg har lagt den opp her.

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